The Global Fund is near the top of the list of development partners (i.e. donors) in terms of influence, frequency of communication and usefulness of advice in recipient countries according to a report published by AidData in October 2015.
The study involved a survey of 6,750 development policymakers and practitioners in 126 low- and middle-income countries. They rated the performance of their donors as well as the influence of the donors on implementation of reforms and agenda-setting, the usefulness of the donors’ advice, and the frequency the donors’ interaction with their counterparts in-country.
AidData is an innovation and research lab which aims at making development financial data more accessible in order to to increase the transparency and the efficiency of aid. In the report, which is entitled Listening to leaders: Which development partners do they prefer and why?, the authors sought to answer three key questions:
- How do decision-makers in low- and middle-income countries assess the relative performance of the development partners who seek to inform and support their reform efforts?
- To what extent is the performance of development partners enhanced or constrained by the characteristics of the countries they seek to influence and assist?
- Are there certain attributes of development partner institutions that may make them more influential and useful from the perspective of public sector decision-makers who are seeking to prioritize and implement reforms?
According to the report, The Global Fund was the donor that communicated most frequently with host government counterparts (more than once a month compared to less than once a month for the European Union and the U.S., for example, and compared to less than two or three times a year for Turkey, Canada, and Iran). The Global Fund is followed very closely by United Nations Program for Development (UNDP) and the GAVI Alliance.
The Global Fund is viewed as the 3rd best in terms of the usefulness of its advice. This factor is closely related to (1) alignment with the national priorities; (2) the identification of practical solutions to policy problems; and (3) the fact that the donor helps officials to more fully appreciate policy problems.
The study found that The Global Fund is the 7th most influential donor in setting the reform agenda; and the 4th best in implementing reforms (after Ireland, the GAVI Alliance and the International Monetary Fund).
According to the report, multilateral agencies with a thematic focus are seen as the most useful in reform implementation; and countries are more likely to be receptive to future advice at earlier stages of the policy-making process from donors they deem to have been helpful. Another interesting result of the study: The more the donor is aligned with national priorities, the more its influence grows in the country.